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#KnowYour27Rights #4 Section 12 FREEDOM AND SECURITY OF THE PERSON: the third of five basic rights “Everyone has the right to Freedom and security of the person. . .”

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom and security of the person, which includes the right –

(a) not to be deprived of freedom arbitrarily or without just cause;

(b) not to be detained without trial;

(c) to be freed from all forms of violence from both public and private sources

(d) not to be tortured in any way; and

(e) not to be treated or punished in a cruel, inhuman or degrading way

2. Everyone has the right to bodily and psychological integrity, which includes the right –

(a)to make decisions concerning reproduction;

(b)to security in and control over their body; and

(c)not to be subjected to medical or scientific experiments without their informed consent

Freedom and security of the person includes the right to be free of violence whether from public or private sources.  Violence against another member of society is unconstitutional and has led to the abolition of corporal punishment in schools and jails.

Part of the right to bodily and psychological integrity includes the right to make decisions in relation to reproduction, which places the rights of the mother above those of the fetus. While this particular right may invite hot debate and differences of opinion, it is the mother’s right to choose whether she wishes to keep a fetus or not.

 

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